عنوان مقاله [English]
The present article is a Comparative Study of Origination and Eternity of the World Based on the Viewpoints of Thomas Aquinas and Mohammad Hossein Tabatabaei in an analytic-descriptive way. The results reveal that both philosophers consider it acceptable to contemplate religion and believe that the most significant part of philosophy is the absolute existence of God and discussing God. Although the eternal nature of the world had been proven to Aquinas and other philosophers by logical and philosophical reasoning, because of his being catholic and contravention of the divine inspiration in the issue of creation, he considers the world a chronological creation and rationalizes those reasons and declares that God has free will, so “He” is able to creak the world or delay its creation. Thus, the world has a chronological creation. On the other hand, Mohammad Hossein Tabatabaei with a two-dimensional approach believes that firstly, the world has a chronological origin due to the revival nature of origination, the same as what his master Mollasadra believed in, and secondly, it has a causal origination because it is the essential effect of its major cause “God”. Therefore, the two philosopher are unanimous in the idea but the rational basis of Tabatabaei notion overrides Aquinas`s religious notion and that the universe has a chronological origination.