عنوان مقاله [English]
According to pluralism, in all great religious traditions, the unique final
truth is experienced and comprehended in different forms. Here, among
three kinds of pluralism, Hick’s pluralism is examined. His pluralism is
mainly based on two principles: (1) Kant’s epistemological model; (2)
According to Kant’s model, the nature of Haq [= the Truth] in Himself, is
beyond the limits of man-made concepts. Haq is called “inexpressible” in
Western religious language, “without-form” in Eastern religious language,
and “noumenal truth” in Kantian language, being experienced by human
beings in the form of a chain of divine phenomena.
Some objections are proposed to this view, seemingly similar to the views
of proponents of Ta’til (Gnosticists) in Islamic tradition. Truth has new
connotation in Hick’s view, which is different from that of Islamic
philosophers such as ‘Allāmeheh Tabātābei andd Motahhari.
Hick’s view, finally, approaches to pragmatist view, since he refers to the
effectiveness of religions as an evidence for the Absolute Being.
Therefore, we can see a turn in his views from coherentism towards