عنوان مقاله [English]
Creation is one of the fundamental beliefs in Islamic world-view,
playing an important role in all aspects of religious thought where
humankind is told to contemplate the whole creation of God. In line
with this view is the unavoidable participation of philosophers,
theologians, and mystics in a contest where each group has taken a
particular position in accordance with their world view, throwing
light on particular aspects of being.
The Ash’arites committed themselves to the creation from nothing
(creatio ex nihilo) thesis in order to glorify the status of God
through expanding the realm of Divine will and power. They
claimed that this thesis was based on their reading of religious texts.
However, this view resorts to certain unproved presuppositions and
suffers from serious intellectual problems.
This paper offers a critical study of the above- mentioned thesis by
examining the textual bases of its premises and showing the
intellectual problems in their consequents. In the end the writer sets
forth the combination of the Ash’arite view with Sadra’s ontology
as a defensible outlook towards Divine creation.