نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Rawls’ thoughts can be divided into two significant periods. In his first
period, he is impressed by Kant’s ethical philosophy but in second
period, he goes far from abstract philosophy and tries to make his
theory pragmatic, scientific and methodological. Most of philosophers
in enlightenment and after, try to applied metaphysical presuppositions
for establishing their philosophical frameworks. Many Philosophical
schools have been established by these presuppositions. Even some
states have been applied some of that schools same as utilitarianism.
For instance: Immanuel Kant had been established his philosophical
framework by applying ethical doctrine or Lock had been established
his philosophical theories by different interpretation of Christianity.
But is Rawls that he called himself as follower of named philosophers,
imitate their method? Or same as his claim that: he tried to establish his
theory without depending of any metaphysical presuppositions and just
call it merely political concept. In this article, firstly, introductory about
Lock’s theory of justification and Kant’s effect on Rawls has been
considered then; I just try investigating of Rawls claim of justice as
fairness is political concept, not metaphysical.