عنوان مقاله [English]
Relation between will and reason is a philosophico-theological topic
which is longevous and vague, especially, when this relation is considered
as a kind of priority. The priority of will over reason in Descartes’ thought
has both implicit and explicit aspects.
In the question of knowledge – that is, having clear and distinct ideas –
Desecrates judges that “understanding” has priority over “will”; this is
considerd as epistemological priority; but he acknowledges that the “will”
is formally greater than “reason” (i.e., will is finite but reason is infinite);
this is considerd as ontic/ontological priority.
In the beginning of modern philosophy, Desecrates applied methodic
doubt which is appearance of will, itself being an appearance of
methodological priority. Accepting the priority of will over reason results
in constructing a philosophical system or founding an intellectual school,
which leads to some broad consequences in political, legal and moral
systems, as they have been originate from Descartes’ thought in the