عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
"Divine names and attributes" is one of the most important, and
perhapes polemic and contentious topics in Islamic theology which is
posed under divine unity subject.
The first question rised for theologians after demonstration of God's
existense was on His qualities and attributes. In Quran and tradition,
some names and attributes of God are mentioned, but there is an
emphasis on God's transcendence too; therefore this question has been
always posed for theologians that how is the alliance between essence
and attributes? Are attributes the very essence or other than it? Are
attributes pre- existent or created?
Theologians, accoding to their theological tendencies have answered to
these questions differently and even antithetically. They have provided
several theories such as : identity, otherness, and vicarship.